Health and Wellness

Early Detection of Cancer Saves Life  

Posted on 2017-02-20   05:41:20



lcmass

Early Detection of Cancer Saves Life

 Cancer begins in ones cells, which are the building blocks of ones body. Due to some various changes in cells, an abnormal and uncontrolled growth occurs in cell, these cells are labeled as Cancerous cells. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are non cancerous while malignant are cancerous.

 

Early detection of cancer can lead to increase in the chances of successful treatment.

There are two major components of early detection of cancer:

1.    Education to promote early diagnosis

2.    Screening of disease.

Recognizing possible warning signs of cancer and taking prompt action leads to early diagnosis. Increased awareness of possible warning signs of cancer among physicians, nurses and other health care providers as well as among the general public, can have a great impact on the disease. Some of the early signs of cancer include lumps, sores that fail to heal, abnormal bleeding, persistent indigestion, and chronic hoarseness. Early diagnosis is particularly relevant for cancers of the breast, cervix, mouth, larynx, colon, rectum, and skin.

To detect Cancer at early stage you should know general signs and symptoms of cancer

If you have any of these symptoms, please see a doctor to find out what’s going on.

 Unexplained weight loss

Most people with cancer do lose weight at some point. An unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more may be the first sign of cancer. This happens most often with cancers of the pancreas, stomach, esophagus (swallowing tube) or lung.

Fever

Fever is very common with cancer. Almost all people with cancer will have fever at some time, especially if the cancer or its treatment affects the immune system. Less often, fever may be an early sign of cancer, such as blood cancers like leukemia or lymphoma.

Fatigue

Fatigue is extreme tiredness that doesn’t get better with rest. It may be an important symptom as cancer grows. But it may happen early in some cancers, like leukemia. Some colon or stomach cancers can cause blood loss that’s not obvious. This is another way cancer can cause fatigue.

Pain

Pain may be an early symptom with some cancers like bone cancers or testicular cancer. A headache that does not go away or get better with treatment may be a symptom of a brain tumor. Back pain can be a symptom of cancer of the colon, rectum, or ovary. But few cancers like breast cancer are not always painful, lump in breast cancer can be felt but it’s usually painless in most cases so it should never be avoided.

Skin changes

Along with skin cancers, some other cancers can cause skin changes that can be seen. These signs and symptoms include:

·         Darker looking skin (hyperpigmentation)

·         Yellowish skin and eyes (jaundice)

·         Reddened skin (erythema)

·         Itching (pruritis)

·         Excessive hair growth

Cancer Screening?

Cancer screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms.

Screening tests can help find cancer at an early stage, before symptoms appear. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat or cure. By the time symptoms appear, the cancer may have grown and spread. This can make the cancer harder to treat or cure.

It is important to remember that when your doctor suggests a screening test, it does not always mean he or she thinks you have cancer. There are different kinds of screening tests.

Screening tests include the following:

Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s personal habits, past illnesses and treatments will be taken.

Laboratory tests: Medical procedures that test samples of tissue, blood, urine or other substances in the body.

Imaging procedures : X-Ray, CT-SCAN, MRI & Sonography

Genetic tests: Tests that look for certain gene mutations (changes) that are linked to some types of cancer.

Chances of developing cancer are affected by the lifestyle choices you make.

So if you're concerned about cancer prevention, take comfort in the fact that some simple lifestyle changes can make a big difference. Consider these cancer prevention tips.

1.    Don't use tobacco

Using tobacco in any form puts you on a collision course with cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer — including cancer of the lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreas, bladder, cervix and kidney

Avoiding tobacco — or deciding to stop using it — is one of the most important health decisions you can make. It's also an important part of cancer prevention. If you need help quitting tobacco, ask your doctor about stop-smoking products and other strategies for quitting.

2.    Eat a healthy diet

Although making healthy selections at the grocery store and at mealtime can't guarantee cancer prevention, it might help reduce your risk. Consider these guidelines:

Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Base your diet on fruits, vegetables and other foods from plant sources — such as whole grains and beans.

Avoid obesity. Eat lighter and leaner by choosing fewer high-calorie foods, including refined sugars and fat from animal sources.

If you choose to drink alcohol, do so only in moderation. The risk of various types of cancer — including cancer of the breast, colon, lung, kidney and liver — increases with the amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you've been drinking regularly.

Limit processed meats. A report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the cancer agency of the World Health Organization, concluded that eating large amounts of processed meat can slightly increase the risk of certain types of cancer.

In addition, women who eat a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil and mixed nuts might have a reduced risk of breast cancer. The Mediterranean diet focuses on mostly on plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts. People who follow the Mediterranean diet choose healthy fats, like olive oil, over butter and fish instead of red meat.

3.    Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active

Maintaining a healthy weight might lower the risk of various types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney.

 A deadly disease like cancer needs some special attention, it’s important to keep a proper check of your body and if you find anything unusual you should prefer consulting a doctor instead of assuming it as a general daily disorder, because prevention is important than cure. Kill the disease before it decides to enter your body.